Sexually Transmitted Infections

STI overview

True Statements about STIs:

Prevention and detection

If you are sexually active, talk to your doctor about STI screening. Screening tests can help find STIs early, so they can be treated. Treatment can cure some STIs, and help manage those that can't be cured. Of course, the best course of action is to prevent infection in the first place by practicing safer sex, which includes the use of a condom—every time.

Safer sex isn't just about preventing HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. There are other infections you can get that are less well known.

Bacterial STIs

The good news is that most STIs like chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomonas are completely treatable with appropriate medication. People who are being treated for a bacterial STI should not have sex until the infection has been eliminated from them and their sexual partners. Therefore, sex partners need to be tested and treated at the same time.

Viral STIs

Viral STIs such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human papilloma virus (HPV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) usually persist for life. Most viral STIs can’t be cured, but treatment can help relieve the symptoms.


Chlamydia

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Gonorrhea

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Syphilis

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Genital herpes

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Human papilloma virus (HPV)

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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

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With all STDs, it's critical that both the person who is infected and her or his sexual partner(s) receive prompt medical attention. If you suspect that you or a partner have contracted an STD, call your doctor right away.

 

Getting treatment